Mustard, sinapis arvensis, is an annual herbaceous plant native to Europe, which reaches 70-80 cm in height. It constitutes tufts of thin, rigid, branched stems, which carry numerous dark green leaves, opaque, sessile, elongated oval, toothed, up to 15-20 cm long; from May to September numerous small bright yellow flowers bloom at the apex of the stems; in autumn the flowers leave room for the fruits: long pods containing small dark seeds.
Sinapis alba is very similar, but produces shorter pods with yellow seeds. With the mustard seeds, excellent sauces are used, used to accompany meat and vegetable dishes; the leaves can be eaten cooked and have a flavor similar to spinach; freshly germinated seeds are eaten in salads.
The leaves of all varieties can be harvested at any time and must be used as quickly as possible in order to preserve all their aroma and freshness. The larger ones can be seared and then combined with other vegetables or flavored dishes such as omelettes or omelettes.
Mustard is grown in very sunny areas, does not like shade; this plant dies when the cold arrives, it must therefore be planted in early spring, to collect seeds at the end of summer; the small seeds can be stored immediately, or should be kept in airtight containers after having dried them well.
The hedge is sown when in late spring, when the temperatures at night do not go below 10 ° C. Initially it is best to sow the sinapis arvensis in small containers, such as seedbeds or honeycomb containers and pots to facilitate the first phase of growth. Subsequently, the mustard will be transplanted to bury it and continue cultivation.