Anethum graveolens is an annual aromatic plain, which for a few years has also been successful in Italy, where it was once not even known; the Latin name is Anethum graveolens, and it has herbal properties that should not be underestimated.
It's about a annual plant, which in case of low winters can also behave as a biennial; however, it is almost always cultivated as an annual, as the foliage subjected to the winter cold becomes of less quality and is therefore less appreciated. It has thin, fairly branched stems, which can reach about fifty centimeters in height; the foliage and stems are blue-green, almost grayish.
The leaves they are pinnate, consisting of thin tender and slightly fleshy filaments; the flowers are grouped in compound umbrellas, that is, in a large umbrella consisting of smaller umbrellas, and are bright yellow; the flowers are followed by small seeds, used in herbal medicine and in the kitchen, very similar to the seeds of anise or fennel; in fact the common name of dill in Italy is also bastard anise, or bastard fennel, since the plant belongs to the apiates, as well as anise and fennel.
The origins of this plant are Asian, also testified by the fact that this herb is a traditional aromatic herb used in Indian cuisine, and Mediterranean, in fact remains of dill were found in ancient Egyptian tombs; today it is widespread as a wild plant also in most of Europe, particularly in areas with a fairly cool climate, from northern Italy to Sweden.
Dill in herbal medicine
The use of Anethum graveolens in herbal medicine is not very widespread in Italy, at least not as much as it is in the rest of Europe; it is used for purposes similar to those for which anise and fennel are used, therefore in particular as regards problems due to nausea, poor digestion, flatulence, bloating. For this purpose, both fresh leaves are used, to be consumed during the meal to promote digestion, and the seeds, used in infusion, to prepare an aromatic tea, very similar in flavor to the fennel tea.
As is the case with fennel tea, dill seed tea is also used to promote sleep, especially in children, and to promote the milky froth in puerperas.
This plant has digestive, antiseptic, antispasmodic, diuretic properties.
It shows a strong antibacterial activity, manifested both by the fresh plant and by the seeds.