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Question: help

I have green chillies planted on the balcony, I found the leaves eaten entirely but I don't see any parasitic animal helpooooooooooooo


Answer: help

Dear Tony,

the insects that eat the foliage are not many; typically, the most common and common ones are caterpillars: this is the juvenile form of some insects, often small moths, which lay their eggs among the leaves; as soon as the eggs hatch, the small caterpillars begin to eat the foliage, and they can devour large quantities of them, above all because they are usually a good number on the same plant. They live by sticking on the underside of the leaves, and are generally the same color as the foliage; therefore it becomes difficult to identify them, even if it is usually possible to notice very well their excrements, which are tiny black balls, which settle on the foliage and on the ground. If your chillies have been affected by the caterpillars, it is good to intervene quickly, using a systemic insecticide, so that it enters the plant and kills the insects that feed on it. Since in the future you will want to eat the chillies, keep in mind that for about 15 days they will contain the insecticide, and therefore you will have to wait for the time of deficiency that you certainly see indicated on the insecticide packaging. Or you can choose an insecticide suitable for organic farming, such as spinosad, which has a much shorter deficiency time. Other animals that feed on leaves are snails, but usually it is difficult for a snail to settle on a single plant; more often snails tend to eat small shoots in the vegetable garden, devouring them completely; also in this case, often during the day snails are not seen, only the circular rosure on the leaves, or the complete disappearance of the young seedlings; but among the leaves there are always signs of their drool, which deposit moving. There are special traps against snails, in the form of granular baits, to be spread on the ground. Other insects that feed on leaves, the oziorrinchi, tiny beetles, which deposit the eggs at the base of the stem of the plant; the larvae bury themselves and feed on plant remains and roots, and when they become adults, they leave the ground and devour the leaves of the plants. There are different types, some are minuscule in size, they are black beetles, with a showy rostrum on the head; there are also special bait insecticides against oziorrinchi, to be spread on the ground. Usually they are the most difficult to eradicate, and we try to hit them on several fronts, placing the baits on the ground, but also treating the leaves with a systemic insecticide, which kills the adults who feed on them.

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