Organic farming companies
The Green Revolution of the 60s and 70s introduced hybrid seeds, radically changing the relationship between farmer and culture. These hybrid seeds produce weaker plants that need higher doses of pesticides and fertilizers. The recent introduction of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and seeds (which go hand in hand with specific herbicides, pesticides and fertilizers) is the latest threat to balance and well-being, not only of the Earth, but also of humans. There are great economic interests linked to genetically modified seeds, and unfortunately this creates unstoppable pressure on developing countries which are forced to accept such cultivation methods.
Today we are finally aware of the effects of chemical agriculture on our health, on the economic life of farmers, on the vitality of the soil, and on the well-being of all plants and animals. In many places, the soil is now unable to renew itself and constantly requires the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. this also means the arrival of new parasites and new diseases that appear resistant to chemical pesticides. Fortunately, organic agriculture is now widespread and more and more farms are choosing to grow organic, obtaining the strict certifications that our country grants to companies that respect the rules of organic cultivation.
The farms that have moved to organic farming had to undergo a period of "decontamination", where the soil was left to rest and treated with cover and green manure methods and, only after careful analysis that establishes its suitability, they have obtained the necessary certifications to start their own organic cultivation activity. In some cases, the same company carries out two lines, one traditional and one bio; in this case, the crops must be adequately separated and undergo greater checks by the competent bodies. Currently each European country has different organic certification logos, in particular countries such as Germany, they can present up to 19 different ones. In Italy there are fewer, but the community project started in 2010 is to unify the logo with the EU Organic logo in order to offer product recognition.
Organic agriculture is based on holistic principles; ecologically balanced agriculture that includes strict rules on the management of soil fertility, crop rotation and natural pest control. It may seem an approximate concept, but the basis of organic agriculture is actually very simple: to allow nature to do what nature does best.
Many everyday products can be produced on organic farms, including vegetables, cereals, dairy products, eggs and fibers such as cotton. What makes these things "biological" is precisely keeping them as close as possible to their natural state. In organic farming, farmers do not use synthetic pesticides or fertilizers on crops, and refuse to use synthetic hormones, antibiotics or other drugs on their livestock. The animals are fed by organic feed and raised in open spaces.