Organic agriculture in Italy
The main feature of this sector is that of growing vegetables, vegetables in general and fruit, with natural fertilizers derived from the use of compounds obtained from officinal herbs through the infusion of the latter, maceration, decoction and extraction . It is no coincidence that in Italy, several commercial establishments that deal with organic products approved both by the EC Regulation 834/07 and by the EC application Regulation 889/08 were born in the world of commerce. On the other hand, it is right that these crops are treated with similar products otherwise the conditions for considering the products of the earth in the specific category of organic products would fall. Naturally, organic farms must have unmistakable characteristics starting from the fact that they must be located in places far from highways or factories that could, with their unfavorable agents, contaminate the crops. For several years some farms have been using organic farming and there are about 20,000 on the national territory. Some local administrations even provide funds to companies that grow their own bio to increase the use of organic products. The farms that cultivate with this regime, have on their land, several stables where they breed animals for slaughter and use their own manure, to fertilize agricultural land, thus promoting the biodiversity of the environment. The aim is of course not only to offer buyers products without pesticides or chemical fertilizers but is also to create a positive impact on the environment in terms of pollution of the earth and air.
The organic in the garden
Growing organically must not be understood only at the level of large companies. Even those who own an urban garden can try to devote themselves to this type of cultivation by using natural fertilizers and pesticides made with medicinal herbs. As mentioned before, the herbs in question are treated through processes from which natural compounds are obtained to be used as pesticides and fungicides. Many farmers who grow their vegetables in a traditional way make use of these compounds that derive from the pulp of herbs such as nettle, eucalyptus, absinthe or horsetail. Leaving, for example, a kilogram of nettles to soak in 10 liters of water until the latter becomes an intense dark color, a compound is obtained which, after being carefully filtered and placed in a dispenser, can be sprayed on the crops. This mixture is very effective to combat annoying invasions of red spider and caterpillars but at the same time, it makes the plants lush and healthy. However, you need to know how to dose the elements well otherwise you risk causing harm rather than benefit. It is therefore very useful for those who want to use do-it-yourself, get informed on the web or through paper documents or even through the advice of expert people.
It is precisely for this reason that the natural pesticides used in large farms are recommended by competent agronomists who make their experience available to farmers by adopting methods that include the timing and timing of watering and fertilizing. Although in fact, organic fertilizers must be used categorically on an organic farm worthy of being called by this name, they must be expertly dosed by choosing the suitable crops, exposure to the sun and the different management methods. Correct diagnosis of the problem is the first element to which Italian agronomists give space. Only after careful and accurate evaluations, these professionals can act with less persistent products to the environment. Naturally, agronomists will also take into account the contribution that the organic fungicides will give to the crops, as regards the formation of antibodies to prevent the future reappearance of the parasites. It is a complex study that even uses nicotine which, through appropriate maceration, becomes an excellent insecticide. But other equally natural methods are given to us by some species of insects, first of all the ladybird, which proves to be a good antagonist. There are in fact traps made of plastic material called pheromone traps which, through the use of baits based on the sex hormones of the insects that are to be eliminated, attract only specific insects without acting on those deemed useful in nature.