These small annuals, or short-lived perennials, are hybrids derived from the crossing of some species of violet of European origin, crossed to obtain large flowers and long blooms. In fact, these are perennials, but in general they tend to be replaced every year, also because the summer heat often ruins them and the flowering is much better on young plants. These violets bloom from late summer until spring, producing small leaf bushes, 15-30 cm high, from which numerous single flowers sprout, carried by erect fleshy petioles. The colors of the pansies they are varied, and the breeders introduce new ones every year, including nuanced and streaked shades.
In the garden or on the terrace
The pansies they do not produce a large root system, therefore they are suitable for cultivation in open ground or even in pots; they are planted in late summer, to enjoy the long winter flowering, or in late winter, before the other small annual plants begin to bloom. They don't fear the cold, but in order to produce flowers in profusion it is preferable to place them in a sunny place; violets planted in areas with little sunshine often lead to leafy bushes with sporadic flowers. If the root system is not too developed, even the small bushes are not, so to obtain a more conspicuous effect it is good to place many seedlings of nearby violets, so that the pot or the flowerbed in which they come We choose a rich soil and fertile, very well drained, and we place the violets at a short distance from each other, avoiding excessively burying the foot of the plant; in this way we will prevent any stagnant water from favoring the development of rot.