Fruit and vegetables

Growing organic vegetable garden

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Growing organic vegetable garden

Generally speaking, the garden should be fertilized only with products such as peat, manure and compost. It will be a good thing to make a periodic rotation of the vegetables, trying to grow the largest number of varieties. This will decrease the probability that the plants will not be affected by diseases and pests; for this purpose it is also advisable to opt for rather resistant species. Cultivating a vegetable garden according to biological principles also means fighting possible plant diseases with non-invasive and least of all chemical methods; for this reason we will use the introduction of some antagonistic insects of the parasites, in order to eliminate them naturally. As regards instead the grubbing up of weeds, we will proceed with a simple sickle and never with chemical herbicides. In normal gardens, a routine operation consists in the elimination of parasitic insects with specific products; in an organic garden, the problem can be solved by using pulp and sulfur plant compounds to remove them or by thinking about the grafting of shrubs as hedges capable of naturally producing insectivores. Another important recommendation to grow in this way is knowing how to choose the suitable area in which to place the vegetable garden. It should certainly be located in a sunny area, preferably in the south. If the dimensions allow it, it would be good to obtain a small slice of land to be reserved for greenhouse crops, within which it will also be possible to make organic fertilizer. With simple but precise rules it will thus be possible to obtain products that are entirely natural and not contaminated by any chemical agent, in order to have benefits for both your own health and that of the environment.


How to sow

Before proceeding with the real sowing, the seeds must be planted, preferably in spring or summer. To perform everything correctly, you will have to take a shovel and with it trace the perimeter of the first furrow of the desired length. Subsequently, it will be excavated in all its length going to touch a depth of about thirty centimeters, inside which fresh fertilizer will be added. At the same time it is good to remove all the weeds and pebbles. The second furrow will be dug parallel to the previous one, and will continue in this way until the whole area used for the vegetable garden is worked. In order for the earth to breathe enough, it will take at least three weeks before sowing. After this period of time, with the help of a fork, the above ground will be mixed again and another small amount of mature manure will be added. The next step will be to irrigate the area abundantly for two or three days, removing any grown weeds. Only after this preparatory phase will it be possible to have an optimal quality of soil, in which the various vegetables will be sown. There are several techniques for sowing; the best known and easiest is the one in rows and consists in arranging the seeds at a regular distance between them. It is mainly used for vegetables with long roots and for salads. On the other hand, sowing under shelter is a suitable technique for obtaining fast growth of vegetables and seedlings such as peppers and tomatoes; it must be performed in a greenhouse or in special bins. Hole sowing requires more seeds to be inserted in the same furrow and is especially suitable for legumes. Finally, sowing in open ground, which proves suitable for any type of vegetable, must be done by throwing the seeds evenly on the ground, but only when the climate is neither too hot nor too cold.

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