Antonomo del Melo
The Antonomo del Melo is a type of small beetle that has a brownish-black body that is covered with ash gray hair. Each elitra is equipped with a light brown transversal band in the back. For the uninitiated, the elitra is typical of beetles: it is a front wing that has undergone a transformation, becoming sclerified. The consistency it has acquired with this modification makes it play an armor role in these animals. This beetle has an elongated head, in the shape of a proboscis, at the end of which the mouthparts are placed. This extension, called rostrum is used by females to perforate plant tissues and then insert eggs. The larvae are devoid of legs, white-yellowish in color, with a dark head and when they reach maturity they have a length of 8 mm.
The apple antonomer overwinters as an adult in the cracks of the bark or under the dry leaves at the base of the plants. In March, in early spring, he leaves his refuge to climb on plants, where he will find food. In the meantime, the female of this type of beetle lays eggs, in measure of one for each flower button, coming to deposit up to twenty-five. The larvae of this species will feed inside the flower buttons, causing their fruitless development and determining the typical "clove" appearance. At the turn of the months of May and June, the eggs will have turned into young adults who, after the summer, will prepare for wintering in diapause (diapause is that particular phase in which an organism does not feed, does not move and is completely inactive It is a ploy that insects use to overcome critical periods, such as winter).