Prunus armeniaca is a plant of Chinese origin, some claim it may have come from areas of Persia and Armenia. Medium-sized tree, generally reaches 5-7 m in height, has thin and smooth heart-shaped leaves, the flowers are pinkish white.
It produces ovoid-shaped fruits with a skin color that varies, according to the variety, from light yellow to intense orange. The pulp is tender, juicy and has a high content of vitamin A. Apricots, as well as for fresh consumption, are used by the industry for the production of juices, syrups, jams, mustards etc. Generally, all apricot varieties are self-fertile, however the presence of different varieties greatly increases their fruit production. Apricot prefers areas with a temperate climate but it is widespread and cultivated even in colder areas; fears strong winds and, due to its early flowering, even late frosts which can cause serious damage to flowering and consequently also to fruit production.
Apricot can be grafted on different types of plants, the franc, the myrobalan plum, the peach and the almond are used. However the commonly used subject and the myrobalan plum, which has no particular soil requirements, has an excellent affinity and rapid development, the plants are vigorous, long-lived and bear fruit early. With the grafting on the peach tree, little vigorous and long-lived but very productive plants are obtained, some varieties of apricots are of better quality and have early ripening.