Pruning of fruit plants
The fruit plants present in the garden are now all grafted, hybrid or cultivar plants, therefore they come from a long selection, in which man worked to obtain a tree that produces precisely the type of fruit he desired; if we want to obtain many fruits, easy to harvest, it is good that already at the moment of planting, we begin to prune our fruit plants, to give them the most suitable shape for growth and harvest. In addition to the training pruning, other types of pruning are also practiced on the fruit trees, to clean the plant from the branches damaged during the winter, or to increase the harvest.
Typically a more significant pruning is done in the winter, at the beginning or end of the season, while other light prunings are repeated in the summer, after the harvest.
The most important pruning for the orchard takes place in winter, when the risk of frost is minimal and the night temperatures are not very rigid; not all fruit plants need pruning, the cherry tree tends to autonomously renew the branches that bear fruit every year, also does not like cuts in the wood, which can cause gummy and fungal diseases, for this reason, if we have a cherry tree in garden, let's avoid pruning it, unless they have branches damaged by frost or bad weather, which must be removed.
Even apricot and fig do not like pruning, especially if drastic, for this reason only pruning is carried out on young trees, to give them a more open crown and to make sure that the sun reaches all the branches.
As regards peach, pear, apple and plum trees, pruning is carried out at the end of winter, which will balance the quantity of fruits and the quantity of leaves produced; It is important already just after the planting, to favor the development of an open crown, without branches that intertwine, without a predominant apex; pruning should be carried out in an attempt to encourage flowering, but let's not forget that in the orchard it is advisable to make sure that all the branches of the trees are easily accessible, in order to be able to pick the fruits; these trees must not have thin branches, which can be broken by bad weather or by a very abundant harvest. As is the case for the other plants in the garden, we remove branches that are crossed, or that develop parallel, or that have suffered damage the previous season.