Pruning of fruit trees
Plants in nature develop in a luxuriant, often luxuriant way, and pruning, particularly in fruit plants, is a drastic intervention. A necessary evil, however, a forcing of man technically aimed at obtaining quantitatively and qualitatively better productions. The fruit plants in particular were among the first man-ruled precisely so that they could produce to meet his food needs. The purpose of modern pruning of fruit trees is to ensure that they can produce quality products in the best and most rational way possible. To this end it is necessary to intervene with to give the trees an adequate shape and suitably condition their crown.
When and how to prune
Even plants such as humans and animals need to sleep and the cold of winter, the so-called "cold requirement" of plants, allows, with the fall of the leaves, a well-deserved rest after fruiting. This is the time, generally from January to March, to prune fruit plants.
There are different types of pruning but in fruit plants we distinguish, in particular, a "farm pruning" and a "production" one, even if in modern fruit-growing technique both prunings are increasingly overlapping and not clearly separable. The fairly vigorous breeding pruning is typical of young plants and aims to achieve, as quickly as possible, the formation of the plant, its skeletal structure and its structure which can be pot, palm, cone, sapling. etc. On adult plants, on the other hand, we try to eliminate the dry, thin, weak, old and ruined branches from bad weather and diseases, as well as to thin out the foliage in search of the right balance between vegetation and fruit branches, conforming the plant also mechanized harvesting.