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Plant of Asian origins, widespread in Europe since ancient times, the cherry can be divided essentially into two different species: the sweet fruit cherry and the acid fruit cherry. The sweet cherry in turn is divided into two categories: duracine and tenerine. The duracine, also called duroni, are plants of considerable development that can even reach 20 m in height, while the tenerine are plants of smaller size and with slower growth. They both have large, oval leaves, the flowers are generally white. In duracine, the fruits have a hard and crunchy pulp which can be, according to the variety, white, red or blackish. The tenerine instead have the soft and very juicy pulp usually red or black. The Cherry tree Acid also stands out for other characteristics in three different categories: black cherries, sour cherries and morello cherries. Sour cherries are underdeveloped plants with hanging branches and small leaves, the fruits are deep red in color with pulp and juice are instead clear. Black cherries are used for the production of juices and syrups. The sour cherries have straight branches with very large leaves, the fruits are bright red in color such as the pulp and the juice, they have a sweetish taste therefore they are also used for fresh consumption and to produce jams. Finally, the morello cherries, which are small-sized plants as well as the leaves and fruits, which are used by the industry for the production of liqueurs.
The cherry tree
In our country you can commonly find two types of cherry: avium, which produces sweet fruits, and cerasus, the bitter cherry, which produces black cherries, which are very acidic or bitter at the time of harvest.
In cultivation there is then a whole series of hybrid cherry trees, produced and inserted in the gardens for ornamental purposes which identified as "Japanese cherry trees".