Fruit and vegetables

Potato - Solanum tuberosum

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GeneralitŠ°

The cultivation of the potato requires different attention at the time of planting and throughout the growing period. Dedicating a small plot of land (or even just a few pots) to these tubers is always a good idea: their yield is abundant and they are among the indispensable elements in the kitchen. Having the possibility to extract and use even a potato at any time is really convenient!

Solanum tuberosum, scientific name used to indicate potatoes, is a plant native to the tropical regions of central and southern America.

Solanum tuberosum is a herbaceous plant with adventitious roots that start from knots of the underground stem in bunches of three or four.

The potato plant contains solanine, a poisonous alkaloid, present in greater quantities in the shoots and in the ripening berry.

There are different varieties, which have different characteristics and are used for the preparation of numerous dishes.


The tuber

It is the edible part of the potato, it is an underground stem, where solanine is present in less quantity and is collected around the so-called eyes. The ripe tuber contains negligible quantities of solanine.

The root system is highly branched and quite superficial.

The aerial part is formed by one or more stems, first erected and then folded on the ground.

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