Asparagus is a perennial herbaceous plant with an underground rhizome which in horticulture is called paw. Sprouts called shoots sprout from the paw each year, which are the edible part. The collection of shoots must be done as soon as they emerge from the ground, before their aerial development, otherwise they lignify and turn into stems with leaves, flowers and fruits.
It is a dioecious plant with male and female flowers on two different plants. Asparagus is a multi-year crop, which requires a few years of waiting before bearing fruit, but which can last up to fifteen years in production.
Terrain and rotation
Asparagus grows well in loose and fertile soils, areas of fertile sand are ideal for asparagus.
This type of crop does not fall into rotations, as asparagia remains on the ground for many years. However, asparagus should not be planted after chard and potatoes. After the grubbing up of the plant, the culture must not be repeated for at least eight years.