Fruit and vegetables

Avocado - Persea americana

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GeneralitŠ°

Persea americana is an evergreen tropical tree, native to Central America; this fruit has been cultivated for centuries in most of the tropical areas of the world: in North and South America, in Africa, Australia, Asia, New Zealand and on the Mediterranean coasts. It has dense and dense foliage, rounded and erect stem, it is very long-lived trees, which can reach 9-18 meters in height over the years. The foliage is oval, dark green, smooth and shiny, with a waxy appearance; the flowers bloom from the beginning of spring until late summer, are small, inconspicuous, gathered in racemes that count thousands, of these only a few will be pollinated; long-lasting flowering allows the plant to bear fruit for an extended period of time: they ripen from summer until the end of autumn. The avocado fruits are drupes, similar to large pears, 10 to 25 cm long, of various colors, from dark green to blackish purple; the peel can be smooth or wrinkled; the flesh is compact and sweet, buttery, light yellow in color, sometimes light green. Avocados do not ripen when attached to the plant, typically taking a few weeks to mature after being harvested. There are hundreds of varieties of avocado, with particularly large or particularly tasty fruits; to favor pollination in avocado orchards in general, at least two different varieties are planted. Avocados are eaten raw, in salads or sauces, but are also used to prepare particular recipes of Central American origin.


Exposure

The plants of persea americana they prefer sunny positions; they can endure short light frosts, but they can show signs of suffering already with temperatures below four degrees. It is advisable to grow them in a place protected from frost and cold wind, which could cause the loss of fruits. Avocados are also grown as potted houseplants, in this case we remind you to avoid excess watering and to often vaporize the foliage.

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