Ornamental plants and small urban gardens
Growing plants and flowers on the balconies of houses and apartments is a consolidated and widespread habit. To this more recently it has also been added that of carving out a further space to devote to the production of vegetables and seedlings such as basil, parsley and mint. In fact, the urban garden is increasingly fashionable in big cities and can be an excellent way to make the balcony productive and save on food costs. If the intention is to create a small kitchen garden alongside ornamental plants, it is important to know how to make good use of the spaces. Technology and some good practices on the subject can be useful on several fronts: from the choice of pots to that of the most suitable plants to be grown in an exposed and limited-size environment. What is certain is that daily cultivation, irrigation and care of the terrace can be a real antidepressant remedy, an antidote to the wear and tear of modern life especially for those who live in the chaos of the city and need to carve out a space for themselves in which to find contact with nature and regenerate, perhaps by sharing this hobby with family members.
Equipment and soil preparation
To prepare our terrace to accommodate plants and vegetables, first of all we check its ability to host pots and plants keeping in mind that, thanks to the technology of modern gardening objects, it is possible to exploit walls and railings as well as walls or create new walls through the ad hoc placement of gratings, vertical pots and special kits for growing in small spaces. We then verify that the balcony is sufficiently exposed to the sun, which is fundamental for the growth of plants.
Whatever the type of cultivation we want to do, there are some gardening tools that we should have: a hoe, a rake, the watering can, gloves and pruning shears. All strictly in mini version but of unquestionable usefulness.
The quality of the land in which we are going to plant seeds and bulbs and therefore the way we prepare it is very important. The preparation of the earth can be done by mixing garden soil, which can be purchased in bags in specialized shops, with a layer of sand that favors drainage and one of gravel on the bottom of the container. The ideal soil must have a good organic content, be well exposed to light and medium-textured, that is, neither too clayey nor too sandy. Among the gardening products, it may also be appropriate to keep a package of liquid fertilizer to be used if necessary. The plants must then be regularly watered or in any case according to the specific need. Pruning is also very important and must be done with technique and rationality in the right periods for each plant species. Scissors and pruning saws must be well sharpened to avoid causing damage to plants which can cause infections and wasting. They must not be reused if a sick plant has previously been pruned to avoid contagion on healthy plants.