The genus Barkeria includes 10-15 species of deciduous epiphytic orchids originating in Central America. They have small dimensions and long cylindrical rod-like pseudobulbs, erect; the leaves grow alternately along the pseudobulbs, they are thin, 8-10 cm long, light green in color with reddish margin, completely reddish on the lower page. In late summer and autumn they produce beautiful purple, lilac, white or cream colored flowers, gathered in inflorescences of 2-7 flowers, solitary in young plants. The labellum extends downwards, while sepals and petals tend upwards, as if to form a crown. At the end of flowering the leaves wither and the plant goes into winter vegetative rest. These plants are highly appreciated for the long flowering period and the small size, but are not very cultivated due to the difficulty of growing them in conditions that are too dissimilar to the natural ones.
Barkeria orchids need very bright positions, where however the sun's rays are always filtered since direct exposure, especially on the hottest days, can lead to dangerous burns of the leaf apparatus; the ideal cultivation temperature is around 15-20 ° C, although in summer they can tolerate higher temperatures, while in winter, when the leaves have withered, they can bear temperatures close to 10-15 ° C.