The genus anacamptis counted about twenty terrestrial orchid species, now enclosed in the genus orchis; only one species A. pyramidalis belongs to the genus anacamptis. It is a herbaceous, terricolous orchid, free of pseudobulbs, widespread in Europe, mainly in the Mediterranean area, and in Central Asia. It develops small tufts similar to grass, formed by linear or lanceolate leaves, of a bright green color, with showy central grain; in spring between the leaves a thin, rigid stem rises, 20-50 cm high, which places at the top a large pyramidal panicle of flowers. The stem has some triangular bracts, sharp and rigid, green or sometimes reddish or purple in color. The flowers are small in size, pink, purple or white, delicately perfumed, characterized by the three lower sepals united to form a large trilobed labellum; the flowers bloom in succession, starting from the lower part of the panicle, and flowering lasts a few weeks; every single head of leaves has some floral stems. Plant quite widespread also in Italy, especially in the medium hills or on the slopes of the mountains, on arid and sunny pastures.
When you want to grow a plant, it is very important to choose the ideal position to grow it at its best. Each species has certain cultivation needs and for this reason it is good to pay attention to the direct exposure of the sun's rays, to the wind, to the frost and to the specific atmospheric conditions of the place where you are. The Ancamptis pyramidalis prefers well-sunny positions, for this reason to avoid shade or even partial shade; it does not fear cold weather and in winter it can endure intense and lasting frosts, which sometimes cause the complete disappearance of the aerial part. The specimens grown in pots can be placed in slight partial shade during the hottest months of the year.
The Ancamptis pyramidali bear drought very well, even if it is necessary to water slightly in case of drought, especially during the hottest season of the year, the summer.
The soil represents the main source of sustenance for our plants. For this reason, the choice of soil must be made on the basis of the specific needs of our Ancamptis pyramidalis. These prefer arid, stony, and very well drained soils; they preferably develop on calcareous soils.