Beaucarnea recurvata is commonly called nolina, or smoke-eating plant, in fact the now more accredited botanical name is beaucarnea recurvata, as all the plants of the nolina genus have been traced back to the beaucarnea genus; it is an evergreen succulent plant, native to Mexico, other species of beaucarnea Central America is widespread. The succulence of this plant is found in the semi-woody stem, which assumes the typical caudex shape: a sort of natural bottle, with the part close to the ground well swollen and rich in water. The stem in specimens spread in nature can reach 12-15 meters in height over the years, remaining scarcely branched, at the apex of each branch there is a thick tuft of long ribbon-shaped leaves, thin, which fall down , and often also tend to curl slightly.
In Italy it is grown almost exclusively as a houseplant, and since noline are very slow-growing plants, we will hardly see specimens in pots larger than two meters in height; in nature the noline, in spring, produce long panicles of cream or white flowers, of different shape on different plants, as the quinoline It is a dioecious plant, that is, male and female flowers bloom on different plants.
Other characteristics of Beaucarnea
Beaucarnea is a tropical and equatorial plant that has spread over the past few decades as a houseplant. It is appreciated for the beautiful swollen trunk at the base, which makes it look like a baobab, and the thick tuft of leaves present at the apex. It is also known as "Nolina" (from the name of the French horticulturist who introduced it and spread it in Europe in the 18th century) or, more popularly, as "elephant foot" and "smoke eater". In fact, it is attributed the ability to retain impurities in the air and make domestic environments more livable.
This tree can also be grown by the less experienced: it adapts well to the climatic conditions of our houses and, thanks to its particular shapes, it is able to give environments an exotic touch.