More than 150 species belong to the Dracaena genus, each of them with numerous varieties.
These plants are evergreen and are mainly cultivated for their very ornamental foliage. Generally they are grown in a greenhouse or apartment, being plants native to Africa. As such they do not endure harsh temperatures.
The Dracaene can reach a height of several meters. The leaves are lanceolate and very leathery, with a growth in tufts, which gives them the shape and bearing of a palm tree. Flowering is abundant but the flowers are not very visible, and they are quite insignificant. A few varieties after flowering produces very colorful berries.
Madagascar dracaena should never be placed in places where temperatures can drop below seven to eight degrees. In milder areas it can be planted in the garden, in a place very sheltered from winds and frost. The plant does not suffer from sun exposure even if it prefers a semi-shaded exposure. In the summer, if the plant is in a pot, it is advisable to place it outside, preferably in a not too sunny position.
During the spring summer period, the dracaena plants of Madagascar must be watered abundantly, taking care to periodically spray the leaves. During the winter the watering will have to be very reduced. In any case, it is not advisable to leave water in the saucer: these plants, in fact, do not bear water stagnation.