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Genus which has about twenty species of perennial herbaceous plants, which develop large rounded tubers, native to the Mediterranean area; they are widespread in most of the terrestrial globe as houseplants and garden plants, ideal for shaded flowerbeds. The tubers are buried at a depth equal to their radius. The leaves are rounded, slightly fleshy, carried by a long petiole; they are dark green in color, often marked by a striking silvery-green zoning. The flowers appear in groups, in the center of the leaves, from which they rise a few centimeters; they are of various colors, in shades of pink and red, with varieties also in two colors. They have petals facing upwards, which give cyclamen flowers a particular and unmistakable shape. Cyclamen bloom for a few weeks, from September until spring.
Cyclamen is a plant native to Europe and Asia (but there are species also native to Africa) and belongs to the family of Primulaceae and comprising about 15 species. In Italy, c. neapolitanum, the repandum and the europaeum. The flower was already known in ancient times by the Romans and Greeks who cultivated it in their gardens, giving it other names. The current name derives from the Greek "kuklos" which means "circular" and perhaps refers to the shape of the bulb. The cyclamen that we normally find on the market, however, usually derives from the cyclamen persicum, of oriental origin. It was introduced in Europe in 1600 and is today one of the most common pot plants. They began to cultivate it and to select it in England, but then they became passionate about it in France and Germany to the point that already in the early 1900s cultivars with double flower or with fringed petals had been produced. We then went in search of dwarf and fragrant cultivars, although, in the latter case, with little success.
Some nurserymen have also done research on leaves to obtain particular colors and shapes.