Plants belonging to the hemerocallis genus are appreciated above all for the extraordinary shapes and colors of the flowers with fleeting, ephemeral beauty; in fact the name hemerocallis (of Greek origin) means "beauty of a day", an expression that refers precisely to the short duration of the flowers of the hemerocallis.
Hemerocallis plants are perennial herbaceous plants, with tuberous roots, originating in Asia and Europe; the enlarged root system constitutes, at ground level, a large fleshy crown, from which numerous ribbon-like leaves sprout, similar to large stems of grass, arched, 40-70 cm long, which constitute large tufts; from June to July until the cold autumns some erect stems develop, fleshy, rigid, 70-100 cm high, which bear numerous buds, which bloom in succession; each single flower lasts only one day, but each plant produces numerous floral stems, each of which bears many flowers, therefore the flowering of the hemerocallis lasts weeks.
THE flowers they consist of six large petals, slightly fleshy, rolled outwards, triangular in shape; there are flowers with slightly different shapes, decidedly triangular, or rounded, funnel-shaped. Botanical species have yellow, orange and red flowers.
The spread of these plants as garden essences and as cut flowers has however lead to the production of numerous hybrids, with the most disparate colors: generally they have yellow or green throats, the color of the petals instead can be the most varied, from white up to very dark purple, almost black; then there are many varieties with multiple heats, with a contrasting border or with streaks of two or three colors. The species are numerous, some evergreens, others with deciduous leaves.
General characteristics Hemerocallis
The hemerocallis genus, native to central Europe and the temperate regions of Asia, has few species (about 30), but a large number of varieties: today there are more than 3,500. Different varieties have been created in Japan where the plant it is widespread, and infinite cultivars are the result of hybridization processes carried out by nurserymen.
Hemerocallis is a perennial herbaceous plant consisting of a rhizome from which the roots and long leaves branch off. The rhizome stores enough resources, which allow the plant to withstand long periods of drought.
The green leavesribbon-like, they can be persistent or semi-persistent depending on the variety. Some more recent varieties, such as the "Golden Zebra", have deciduous foliage with speckles that make the plant even more beautiful.
THE flowers of the hemerocallis have a funnel shape, which makes them very similar to lilies, with an extraordinary variety of petals: single or double petals, with the wavy edge, like the "Curley Ripples", or the curved edge, like the "Big Bird ".
The colors of the flowers are just as varied: from white to pink, from orange to brown, from yellow to garnet red: the only color so far absent seems to be blue. Some varieties are two-colored, for example the “Wineberry Candy” with an intense pink color with fuchsia internal shades and the center of the yellow flower.
Although the duration of the flowers is short, their quantity is considerable, and the flowering period is quite long: some varieties bloom the whole summer and others until the arrival of the first colds, for example the "Golden Star". Some varieties are fragrant, such as "Agape Love", "Ben Arthur Davis" or "Citrina", with a delicious lemon aroma.