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Hundreds of bulbous species belong to this genus, widespread in Europe and Asia; these flowers were already grown by the Greeks and Egyptians in ancient times. There are hundreds of species, and as many hundreds of hybrids, selected over millennia of cultivation by man. The bulbs have average dimensions, ranging from 4-5 cm in diameter, up to 10-15 cm; from the end of winter until the beginning of spring they produce thin, erect, gray-green ribbon-like leaves, 20-40 cm long, slightly stiff and fleshy; between the leaves there is a thin fleshy stem, with a quadrangular or triangular section, which bears one or some flowers of variable size, according to the species. The flowers are characterized by a central cup, in the shape of a small trumpet, surrounded by a crown consisting of 5-7 petals widened outwards. The two parts of the flower can be of the same color or of contrasting colors. In general, all species of narcissus have colors in shades of yellow or white, but there are cultivars with pink or orange flowers. Narcissus flowers are also used as cut flowers, they have a very intense perfume.
Daffodils are not very demanding. They bloom very well in the sun, but do not mind half shade and light shade. You just have to guarantee them at least a couple of hours of bright light a day. We should keep in mind, however, that if we put them in a slightly exposed area they will bloom a little late.
They are generally very rustic plants and, apart from the high mountain areas, they have no problems in overcoming even the coldest winters. This is why they grow spontaneously or spontaneously in a large part of our country. Most daffodils are not afraid of the cold and are suitable for forestry; they can be planted directly in the garden and do not fear nor the winter cold, nor the summer heat. Some varieties, especially those with very early flowering, can be ruined by frost, therefore they are grown in the apartment or in a cold greenhouse, to prevent the winter frost from irreparably ruining the flowers. They prefer sunny positions, especially during the flowering period; if grown in pots, it is possible to place the pots in the sun during the weeks of vegetation, and place them in a shady place when the bulbs are in vegetative rest.